The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974
The Act places a duty on employers to ensure the safety of their employees and for employees to co-operate with their employers. In the case of self-employed persons, they would carry the responsibilities of both employer and employee. Also, there is a duty of care to ensure the safety of persons that are neither employers nor employees.
The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 (EAWR)
These Regulations are enforced under the Health and Safety at Work Act.
The Regulations require that precautions must be taken against injury or death arising from electrical work with the emphasis on preventing danger from electric shock, burns, electrical explosion or arcing, or from fire or explosion initiated by electrical energy.
Guidance on the interpretation of the EAWR is provided in the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Guidance on Regulations (HSR25). The following is a short summary of the Regulation
The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015
These statutory Regulations are enforced under the Health and Safety at Work Act. The purpose is to establish high standards in the management and control of construction and demolition work.
The Electricity Safety, Quality and Continuity Regulations (ESQCR)
These Statutory Regulations are enforced under the EAWR. The Regulations impose requirements regarding the installation and use of electrical networks and equipment owned or operated by generators, distributors, transmitters of electrical energy meter operators and suppliers in providing electrical energy to consumers.
The Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER)
All equipment and new work equipment, including everything hired or purchased second-hand, must comply with the Regulations. Every employer must ensure that all work equipment is constructed or adapted to be suitable for the purpose for which it is intended. Second-hand equipment must comply with the Regulations before being put into use.
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 2002 and The Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations 1992
These Regulations set out principles for selecting, providing, maintaining, and using personal protective equipment (PPE).
PPE is defined as all equipment designed to be worn or held to protect against a risk to health and/or safety. This includes most types of protective clothing and equipment, for example, eye, foot, head protection, and high visibility clothing, with exceptions, for ordinary clothes and uniforms.
PPE should only be relied upon as a last resort and is provided free of charge by employers when employees are potentially placed at risk.
The Building Act 1984
Up to and including April 2010 amendments. This Act imposed duties of various kinds on several groups or people from Local Authorities, Builders, Approved Inspectors and those intended to carry out building work.
The Building Regulations 2010
The Regulations are enforced under the Building Act and apply to England and Wales. Proper plans are required to be submitted, buildings are to be well constructed and energy efficient, and the spread of fire is to be resisted. The responsibility to make Building Regulations in Wales was transferred to Welsh ministers in December 2011, allowing new Building Regulations and guidance to be produced applicable to Wales only. However, at the time of printing this Inspection and Testing Guide, Wales continues to use Building Regulations 2010.
These Regulations are supported by separate documents containing practical and technical guidance on compliance with the Regulations, which are known as ‘Approved Documents’. The approved documents which cover
aspects of electrical installation work are:
• Part A Structure, for the depth of chases in walls • Part B Fire Safety, covering the provision of Fire Alarm and Fire Detection Systems, fire resistance of holes through floors and walls
• Part C Site preparation and resistance to moisture of floors, walls, roofs, and ceilings
• Part E Resistance to the passage of sound for penetrations through floor and walls
• Part F Means of Ventilation, for adequate ventilation for people in buildings which include extractor fans
• Part L Conservation of Fuel and Power for energy-efficient lighting
• Part M Access to, and use of buildings, for the height of socket-outlets, switches, consumer units, etc
• Part P Design and installation of electrical installations within dwellings, to protect persons operating, maintaining or altering installations from fire or injury
The Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004
The Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004 are made under the power of the Building (Scotland) Act 2003. They apply to the design, construction, or demolition of a building, the provision of services, fittings or equipment in or in connection with a building, and the conversion of a building.
BS 7671:2018+A1(2020) Requirements for Electrical Installations
British Standard (BS) 7671:2018, also known as the IET Wiring Regulations, contains the requirements for electrical installations. The Regulations are non-statutory. However, they may be used in a court of law in evidence to claim compliance with the statutory requirements of the Electricity at Work Regulations.
The Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999
The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 were introduced to reinforce the Health and Safety Act 1974. They explicitly outline what employers are required to do to manage health and safety and apply to every work activity. The regulations place a set of duties on employers and employees to maintain a safe and healthy workplace.
The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992
The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 cover a wide range of basic health, safety and welfare issues and apply to most workplaces (with the exception of those workplaces involving construction work on construction sites, those in or on a ship, or those below ground at a mine).